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75 results have been found.
Raman Spectrum of Analcime (42)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 263, 297, 390, 482, 697, 1102, 3558, 3625,
 NaAl(Si2O6)(H2O)

Sample : Nepheline syenite

Locality : Pacific Ocean, France (French Polynesia), Tahiti, Papenoo,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Zeolite Group

Raman Spectrum of Andalusite (94)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 292, 321, 358, 419, 452, 551, 663, 718, 920, 950, 1020, 1066, 1110,
 Al2(SiO4)O

Sample : Kyanite-andalusite mica schist

Locality : Europe, France, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, Rayol Canadel sur Mer,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Andalusite-Kanonaite Series

Raman Spectrum of Andradite (60)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 169, 227, 303, 360, 443, 486, 509, 713, 809, 836, 868, 987,
 Ca3Fe2(SiO4)3

Sample : Fumarolitic andradite cristals developed on a trachyte fracture surfaces.

Locality : Europe, France, Cantal, Puy de Menoyre,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Garnet Group

Andradite-Grossular Series

Raman Spectrum of Anhydrite (1)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 415, 498, 609, 627, 676, 1017, 1111, 1128, 1160,
 CaSO4

Sample : Aggregate of anhydrite crystals.

Sulfates, Chromates, Molybdates, Wolframates

Raman Spectrum of Apatite (51)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 136, 429, 579, 589, 605, 963, 1008, 1499, 1519, 3295, 3328,
Raman Spectrum of Apatite (52)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 134, 427, 577, 587, 603, 960, 1357, 1520, 3297, 3483,
 Ca5(PO4)3F

Locality : Africa, Madagascar,

Phosphates, Arsenates, Vanadates

Apatite Group

Raman Spectrum of Apatite (53)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 137, 431, 446, 580, 606, 963, 1009, 1034, 1360, 1390, 1411, 1521, 3300, 3331, 3484,
Raman Spectrum of Apatite (54)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 208, 428, 589, 607, 962, 1048, 1077,
 Ca5(PO4)3F

Sample : Rhodizite-tourmaline-apatite pegmatite.

Locality : Africa, Madagascar,

Phosphates, Arsenates, Vanadates

Apatite Group

Raman Spectrum of Aragonite (16)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 141, 160, 188, 213, 587, 604, 702, 1084,
 CaCO3

Sample : Twinned pseudo-hexagonal crystals.

Locality : Europe, Spain, Province of Cuenca, Minglanilla,

Carbonates

Aragonite Group

Raman Spectrum of Aragonite (83)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 141, 152, 188, 205, 271, 701, 704, 1083, 1462, 1692,
 CaCO3

Locality : Europe, France, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Saint Georges Haute Ville,

Carbonates

Aragonite Group

Raman Spectrum of Astrophyllite (20)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 169, 243, 256, 343, 471, 565, 656, 715, 914, 1026, 3632,
 K2NaFe7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F

Sample : Peralkaline nepheline syenite containing brown astrophyllite slats.

Locality : Africa, Guinea, Los Archipelago,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Astrophyllite Group

Raman Spectrum of Baryte (2)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 451, 616, 646, 988, 1082, 1104, 1137, 1167,
Raman Spectrum of Beryl (64)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 323, 398, 440, 521, 685, 917, 1009, 1068, 1386,
Raman Spectrum of Cassiterite (62)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 234, 356, 634, 740,
Raman Spectrum of Cassiterite (89)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 123, 241, 283, 461, 632, 727, 771,
 SnO2

Sample : Lepidolite pegmatite

Locality : Europe, France, Monts d’Ambazac, Saint Sylvestre,

Oxides and Hydroxides > Simple Oxides

Rutile Group

Raman Spectrum of Celestine (3)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 168, 460, 618, 638, 1001, 1095, 1111, 1158,
 SrSO4

Sample : Celestine geode.

Locality : Africa, Tunisia, South west of Tunisia ,

Sulfates, Chromates, Molybdates, Wolframates

Baryte Group

Baryte-Celestine Series

Raman Spectrum of Celestine (4)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 460, 618, 638, 1001, 1112, 1160,
 SrSO4

Sample : Celestine crystals formed in a rock cavity.

Locality : Europe, France, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur, Le Bersac (Les Clavelas),

Sulfates, Chromates, Molybdates, Wolframates

Baryte Group

Baryte-Celestine Series

Raman Spectrum of Cerussite (85)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 99, 147, 212, 673, 680, 692, 835, 1052, 1366, 1481,
Raman Spectrum of Cerussite (102)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 216, 676, 684, 841, 1056, 1380,
 PbCO3

Locality : Europe, France, Vosges, La Croix aux Mines,

Carbonates

Aragonite Group

Raman Spectrum of Chamosite (19)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 131, 200, 362, 522, 545, 671, 3434, 3566, 3644,
 (Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8

Sample : Chlorite-chloritoid schist.

Locality : Europe, Italy, Aosta Valley, Clavalité Valley,

Silicates > Phyllosilicates

Chlorite Group

Chamosite-Clinochlore Series

Raman Spectrum of Chamosite (34)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 201, 281, 361, 547, 679, 1052,
 (Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8

Sample : Vesicles in a dolerite filled with secondary minerals (epidote, zeolite, chlorite, chalcedony..)

Locality : Africa, Morocco,

Silicates > Phyllosilicates

Chlorite Group

Chamosite-Clinochlore Series

Raman Spectrum of Chloritoid (50)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 250, 509, 529, 552, 594, 731, 878, 3464, 3479,
 (Fe,Mg,Mn)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2

Sample : Chlorite-chloritoid schist.

Locality : Europe, Italy, Aosta Valley, Clavalité Valley,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Chloritoid Group

Raman Spectrum of Cordierite (15)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 117, 156, 257, 364, 486, 552, 575, 669, 918, 970, 1010, 1182, 1269, 1382,
 (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)

Sample : Garnet Cordierite Gneiss.

Locality : Africa, Madagascar,

Silicates > Cyclosilicates

Cordierite Group

Cordierite-Sekaninaite Series

Raman Spectrum of Cordierite (87)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 121, 258, 365, 486, 552, 575, 667, 901, 968, 1008, 1105, 1180,
 (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)

Sample : Garnet-cordierite dacite.

Locality : Europe, Italy, Aeolian Islands, Lipari,

Silicates > Cyclosilicates

Cordierite Group

Cordierite-Sekaninaite Series

Raman Spectrum of Corundum (93)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 379, 417, 431, 449, 577, 644, 751,
 Al2O3

Sample : Prismatic, mauve color, corundum in a phlogopite-feldspar-sillimanite schist.

Locality : Africa, Madagascar, Ihorombe, Ihosy,

Oxides and Hydroxides > Simple Oxides

Hematite Group

Raman Spectrum of Dolomite (91)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 172, 297, 335, 722, 1095, 1439, 1755,
 CaMg(CO3)2

Sample : Brown rhombohedra of dolomite in gypsum matrix.

Locality : Europe, France, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, Saint-Étienne-le-Laus,

Carbonates

Dolomite Group

Raman Spectrum of Dolomite (92)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 174, 299, 338, 723, 1097, 1442, 1757,
 CaMg(CO3)2

Sample : Brown rhombohedra of dolomite in gypsum matrix.

Locality : Europe, France, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, Saint-Étienne-le-Laus,

Carbonates

Dolomite Group

Raman Spectrum of Elbaite (58)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 223, 317, 374, 406, 517, 717, 1064, 1095, 3491, 3593, 3653, 3675,
 Na(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)

Sample : Rhodizite-tourmaline-apatite pegmatite.

Locality : Africa, Madagascar,

Silicates > Cyclosilicates

Tourmaline group

Elbaite-Schorl Series

Raman Spectrum of Epidote (31)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 166, 244, 273, 348, 424, 455, 565, 600, 888, 915, 981, 1086,
 (Ca2)(Al2,Fe)(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

Sample : Eclogite

Locality : Asia, Oman, As Sifah,

Silicates > Sorosilicates

Epidote Group

Raman Spectrum of Epidote (35)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 172, 228, 275, 350, 434, 455, 564, 598, 884, 915, 979, 1084,
 (Ca2)(Al2,Fe)(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

Sample : Vesicles in a dolerite filled with secondary minerals (epidote, zeolite, chlorite, chalcedony..)

Locality : Africa, Morocco,

Silicates > Sorosilicates

Epidote Group

Raman Spectrum of Epidote (49)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 228, 275, 424, 455, 566, 600, 888, 917, 981, 1042, 1086,
 (Ca2)(Al2,Fe)(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

Sample : Epidote crystals on ophite matrix.

Locality : Europe, France, Pyrenees, Licq-Athérey,

Silicates > Sorosilicates

Epidote Group

Raman Spectrum of Goethite (88)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 203, 297, 399, 411, 477, 551, 686, 998, 1115, 1306,
 FeO(OH)

Sample : botryoidal goethite.

Oxides and Hydroxides > Hydroxides

Diaspore group

Raman Spectrum of Hauyne (104)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 260, 447, 549, 992, 1096,
 (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)

Sample : Hauyne phenocryst in a basanite from Eifel Mountains

Locality : Europe, Germany, Eifel, Laacher See,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Feldspathoid Group

Raman Spectrum of Kyanite (95)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 277, 301, 324, 360, 385, 392, 404, 438, 486, 563, 606, 637, 890, 952, 1001,
 Al2(SiO4)O

Sample : Kyanite-andalusite mica schist

Locality : Europe, France, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, Rayol Canadel sur Mer,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Raman Spectrum of Lawsonite (67)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 128, 207, 279, 330, 403, 466, 565, 698, 805, 940, 962, 1162, 3288, 3499, 3533,
 CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 (H2O)

Sample : Quartz and lawsonite vein within permian dacite.

Locality : Europe, France, Hautes-Alpes, Guillestre,

Silicates > Sorosilicates

Lawsonite Group

Raman Spectrum of Lepidolite (90)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 181, 263, 479, 565, 711,
 K(Li,Al)3(Si,Al)4O10(F,OH)2

Sample : Lepidolite pegmatite

Locality : Europe, France, Monts d’Ambazac, Saint Sylvestre,

Silicates > Phyllosilicates

Mica Group

Raman Spectrum of Magnetite (43)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 311, 528, 663,
 (FeO)(Fe2O3)

Sample : Magnetite-Phlogopite-Talc Skarn

Locality : Europe, Italy, Piedmont, Traversella,

Oxides and Hydroxides > Multiples Oxides

Spinel Group

Raman Spectrum of Magnetite (99)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 672, 679,
 (FeO)(Fe2O3)

Sample : Thin section of trachyte from the Suc de Monac

Locality : Europe, France, Massif central, Monac,

Oxides and Hydroxides > Multiples Oxides

Spinel Group

Raman Spectrum of Nadorite (86)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 83, 121, 137, 212, 241, 408, 549,
Raman Spectrum of Orthoclase (36)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 104, 156, 283, 403, 473, 512, 761, 1006, 1123,
 K(AlSi3O8)

Sample : Essexite

Locality : Pacific Ocean, France (French Polynesia), Tahiti,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Feldspar Group

Celsian-Orthoclase Series

Raman Spectrum of Orthoclase (40)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 108, 154, 283, 404, 454, 475, 512, 749, 810, 1000, 1122,
 K(AlSi3O8)

Sample : Nepheline syenite

Locality : Pacific Ocean, France (French Polynesia), Tahiti, Papenoo,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Feldspar Group

Celsian-Orthoclase Series

Raman Spectrum of Orthoclase (105)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 154, 176, 281, 406, 454, 475, 514, 608, 744, 810, 1127,
 K(AlSi3O8)

Sample : Black orthoclase marble

Locality : Europe, France, Pyrenees, Estagel,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Feldspar Group

Raman Spectrum of Phengite (65)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 192, 265, 420, 705, 751, 846, 905, 1092, 3611,
 KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2

Sample : Jadeite-bearing leucocratic orthogneiss.

Locality : Europe, Italy, Piedmont, Settimo Vittone,

Silicates > Phyllosilicates

Mica Group

Raman Spectrum of Phlogopite (13)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 187, 410, 542, 717, 893, 1094,
 KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

Sample : Garnet Cordierite Gneiss.

Locality : Africa, Madagascar,

Silicates > Phyllosilicates

Mica Group

Biotite-Phlogopite Series

Raman Spectrum of Plagioclase (41)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 147, 191, 281, 406, 482, 505, 563, 625, 770, 915, 983,
 (Na,Ca)(Si,Al)4O8

Sample : Nepheline syenite

Locality : Pacific Ocean, France (French Polynesia), Tahiti, Papenoo,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Feldspar Group

Albite-Anorthite Series

Raman Spectrum of Realgar (73)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 180, 335, 362,
Raman Spectrum of Rhodizite (59)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 295, 344, 431, 470, 545, 653, 710, 800, 856, 1059, 1117, 1232,
 (K,Cs)Al4Be4(B,Be)12O28

Sample : Rhodizite-tourmaline-apatite pegmatite.

Locality : Africa, Madagascar,

Borates

Londonite-Rhodizite Series

Raman Spectrum of Rhodochrosite (75)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 180, 285, 715, 1082, 1412, 1723,
Raman Spectrum of Rhodonite (46)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 132, 326, 419, 508, 669, 881, 975, 998, 1042,
 (Mn,Fe,Mg,Ca)SiO3

Locality : Europe, Norway,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Rhodonite Group

Raman Spectrum of Sanidine (103)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 178, 285, 408, 484, 512, 568, 778,
 K(AlSi3O8)

Sample : Sanidine phenocryst in a basanite from Eifel Mountains

Locality : Europe, Germany, Eifel, Laacher See,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Feldspar Group

Raman Spectrum of Scapolite (69)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 130, 161, 261, 295, 362, 422, 456, 533, 677, 767, 1105,
 (Na,Ca)4[(Al,Si)O2]12(Cl,CO3,SO4)

Sample : Prismatic crystals of scapolite in a metamorphic limestone.

Locality : Europe, France, Pyrenees, Suc-et-Sentenac,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Scapolite Group

Raman Spectrum of Scapolite (70)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 125, 150, 254, 456, 526, 761, 1092,
 (Na,Ca)4[(Al,Si)O2]12(Cl,CO3,SO4)

Sample : Prismatic crystals of scapolite in a metamorphic limestone.

Locality : Europe, France, Pyrenees,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Scapolite Group

Raman Spectrum of Scapolite (71)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 116, 161, 250, 299, 454, 530, 598, 764, 985, 1100,
 (Na,Ca)4[(Al,Si)O2]12(Cl,CO3,SO4)

Sample : Scapolite megacrysts in a basanitic scoria.

Locality : Europe, France, Massif central, Chuquet Genestoux,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Scapolite Group

Raman Spectrum of Schrol (55)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 209, 238, 313, 365, 493, 636, 670, 696, 1023, 1048, 3565, 3626, 3717,
 Na(Fe3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)

Locality : Europe, France, Brittany, Roscoff,

Silicates > Cyclosilicates

Tourmaline group

Elbaite-Schorl Series

Raman Spectrum of Schrol (56)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 215, 236, 312, 366, 497, 635, 671, 698, 777, 1019, 1048, 3559, 3634, 3724,
 Na(Fe3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)

Sample : Tourmaline-garnet-apatite pegmatite.

Locality : Africa, Namibia,

Silicates > Cyclosilicates

Tourmaline group

Elbaite-Schorl Series

Raman Spectrum of Schrol (57)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 223, 365, 493, 571, 693, 832, 1041, 3515, 3553, 3594,
 Na(Fe3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)

Sample : Rhodizite-tourmaline-apatite pegmatite.

Locality : Africa, Madagascar,

Silicates > Cyclosilicates

Tourmaline group

Elbaite-Schorl Series

Raman Spectrum of Sillimanite (32)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 234, 261, 309, 407, 462, 593, 705, 873, 905, 965, 1125,
 Al2(SiO4)O

Sample : Sillimanite orthogneiss.

Locality : Europe, France, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Saint-Genest-Lachamp,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Raman Spectrum of Sillimanite (33)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 232, 261, 307, 594, 704, 869, 905, 959, 1126,
 Al2(SiO4)O

Sample : Biotite-sillimanite schist.

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Raman Spectrum of Smithsonite (61)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 199, 307, 733, 1094, 1410, 1736,
Raman Spectrum of Staurolite (76)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 152, 261, 306, 340, 448, 503, 654, 791, 899, 938,
Raman Spectrum of Stibnite (74)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 116, 143, 187, 250, 276, 297, 369, 447,
Raman Spectrum of Strontianite (84)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 145, 181, 259, 699, 1070, 1443,
 SrCO3

Locality : Africa, Tunisia,

Carbonates

Aragonite Group

Raman Spectrum of Talc (45)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 193, 289, 327, 359, 466, 674, 1050, 1093, 3660, 3676,
 Mg3Si4O10(OH)2

Sample : Magnetite-Phlogopite-Talc Skarn

Locality : Europe, Italy, Piedmont, Traversella,

Silicates > Phyllosilicates

Pyrophyllite-Talc Group

Raman Spectrum of Tantalite (81)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 134, 205, 265, 394, 531, 873,
 (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6

Locality : Europe, France, Monts d’Ambazac, Saint Sylvestre,

Oxides and Hydroxides > Multiples Oxides

Columbite Group

Raman Spectrum of Titanite (107)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 144, 165, 254, 317, 426, 468, 542, 606, 858, 913,
 CaTi(SiO4)O

Sample : Meta-gabbro thin section (blueschist facies metamorphism)

Locality : Europe, France, Alps, Vallée du Guil,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Titanite Group

Raman Spectrum of Titanite (108)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 140, 241, 320, 351, 422, 531, 598, 810, 858, 910,
 CaTi(SiO4)O

Sample : flattened crystals of green titanite

Locality : Africa, Madagascar,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Titanite Group

Raman Spectrum of Titanite (109)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 143, 163, 234, 317, 351, 424, 537, 608, 858, 871, 912,
 CaTi(SiO4)O

Sample : Orange titanite crysts in a granodiorite

Locality : Europe, Italy, Alps, Traversella,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Titanite Group

Raman Spectrum of Triplite (80)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 420, 452, 600, 978, 1031, 1123,
 (Mn,Fe)2(PO4)(F,OH)

Locality : Europe, France, Monts d’Ambazac, Bessines-sur-Gartempe,

Phosphates, Arsenates, Vanadates

Triplite Group

Raman Spectrum of Vesuvianite (47)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 170, 223, 302, 408, 475, 591, 637, 693, 754, 861, 928, 3153, 3499, 3638, 3673,
 Ca10(Mg, Fe)2Al4(SiO4)5(Si2O7)2(OH,F)4

Locality : Europe, Austria, Tyrol,

Silicates > Sorosilicates

Vesuvianite Group

Raman Spectrum of Vesuvianite (68)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 185, 258, 290, 372, 639, 694, 754, 866, 927, 1043, 1118, 3136, 3444, 3571, 3641,
 Ca10(Mg, Fe)2Al4(SiO4)5(Si2O7)2(OH,F)4

Sample : Brown prismatic crystals of vesuvianite in a metamorphic limestone.

Silicates > Sorosilicates

Vesuvianite Group

Raman Spectrum of Villiaumite (22)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 135, 215, 264, 366,
 NaF

Sample : Small cristals of villiaumite in a peralkaline nepheline syenite.

Locality : Africa, Guinea, Los Archipelago,

Halides

Halite Group

Raman Spectrum of Witherite (82)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 75, 86, 134, 152, 223, 687, 697, 1059, 1420, 1509,
 BaCO3

Locality : Europe, England, Cumberland,

Carbonates

Aragonite Group

Raman Spectrum of Wolframite (96)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 84, 116, 392, 875,
 (Fe,Mn)WO4

Sample : Wolframite pegmatite.

Locality : Europe, France, Massif central,

Sulfates, Chromates, Molybdates, Wolframates

Raman Spectrum of Wollastonite (110)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 328, 408, 634, 970,
 CaSiO3

Sample : Wollastonite marble

Locality : Europe, Italy, Elba,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Wollastonite Group

Raman Spectrum of Zircon (17)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 201, 214, 225, 356, 392, 439, 974, 1007, 1055, 1463,
 ZrSiO4

Sample : Tetragonal dipyramidal crystals.

Locality : South America, Brazil, Goias,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Zircon Group