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75 results have been found.
Raman Spectrum of Actinolite (18)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 178, 222, 369, 392, 415, 528, 673, 931, 1029, 3660, 3674,
 Ca2(Mg,Fe)5Si8O22(OH)2

Sample : Fibrous aggregate of pale green actinolite.

Location : Europe, Italy, Piedmont, Antronapiana,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Amphibole Group > Calcium Amphibole Subgroup

Tremolite-actinolite Series

Raman Spectrum of Actinolite (48)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 178, 222, 368, 392, 673, 931, 1029, 1059, 3644, 3660, 3674,
Raman Spectrum of Aegirine (24)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 211, 345, 387, 542, 559, 865, 951, 972, 1042,
 NaFeSi2O6

Sample : Peralkaline nepheline syenite.

Location : Africa, Guinea, Los Islands, Kassa Island,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Pyroxene Group > Clinopyroxene Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Almandine (28)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 166, 216, 348, 500, 553, 631, 855, 909, 1035,
 Fe3Al2(SiO4)3

Sample : Eclogite

Location : Asia, Oman, As Sifah,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Garnet Group > Pyralspite garnets

Almandine-Pyrope Series

Raman Spectrum of Almandine (29)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 165, 348, 500, 552, 854, 907, 1031,
 Fe3Al2(SiO4)3

Sample : Blueschist.

Location : Europe, France, Ile de Groix,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Garnet Group > Pyralspite garnets

Almandine-Pyrope Series

Raman Spectrum of Almandine (30)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 165, 207, 342, 369, 496, 550, 860, 914, 1041,
 Fe3Al2(SiO4)3

Sample : Garnet Cordierite Gneiss.

Location : Africa, Madagascar,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Garnet Group > Pyralspite garnets

Almandine-Pyrope Series

Raman Spectrum of Almandine (79)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 167, 214, 324, 342, 371, 496, 554, 864, 915, 1036,
 Fe3Al2(SiO4)3

Location : Europe, France, Massif des Maures,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Garnet Group > Pyralspite garnets

Almandine-Pyrope Series

Raman Spectrum of Analcime (42)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 263, 297, 390, 482, 697, 1102, 3558, 3625,
 NaAl(Si2O6)(H2O)

Sample : Nepheline syenite

Location : Pacific Ocean, France (French Polynesia), Tahiti, Papenoo,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Zeolite Group

Raman Spectrum of Andalusite (94)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 292, 321, 358, 419, 452, 551, 663, 718, 920, 950, 1020, 1066, 1110,
 Al2(SiO4)O

Sample : Kyanite-andalusite mica schist

Location : Europe, France, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, Rayol Canadel sur Mer,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Andalusite-Kanonaite Series

Raman Spectrum of Andradite (60)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 169, 227, 303, 360, 443, 486, 509, 713, 809, 836, 868, 987,
 Ca3Fe2(SiO4)3

Sample : Fumarolitic andradite cristals developed on a trachyte fracture surfaces.

Location : Europe, France, Cantal, Puy de Menoyre,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Garnet Group

Andradite-Grossular Series

Raman Spectrum of Astrophyllite (20)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 169, 243, 256, 343, 471, 565, 656, 715, 914, 1026, 3632,
 K2NaFe7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F

Sample : Peralkaline nepheline syenite containing brown astrophyllite slats.

Location : Africa, Guinea, Los Archipelago,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Astrophyllite Group

Raman Spectrum of Augite (5)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 327, 390, 665, 1004,
 (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe,Al,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]

Sample : Separated euhedral phenocryst of augite.

Location : Europe, Italy, Aeolian Islands, Stromboli volcano,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Pyroxene Group > Clinopyroxene Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Augite (6)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 327, 392, 666, 1010,
 (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe,Al,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]

Sample : Separated euhedral phenocryst of augite.

Silicates > Inosilicates

Pyroxene Group > Clinopyroxene Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Augite (97)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 322, 387, 526, 663, 818, 1010, 1041, 1111,
 (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe,Al,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]

Sample : Thin section of trachyte from the Suc de Monac

Location : Europe, France, Massif central, Monac,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Pyroxene Group > Clinopyroxene Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Augite (101)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 190, 323, 391, 505, 559, 665, 1010,
 (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe,Al,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]

Sample : Thin section of andesite from the Stromboli volcano

Location : Europe, Italy, Aeolian Islands, Stromboli,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Pyroxene Group > Clinopyroxene Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Beryl (64)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 323, 398, 440, 521, 685, 917, 1009, 1068, 1386,
Raman Spectrum of Chamosite (19)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 131, 200, 362, 522, 545, 671, 3434, 3566, 3644,
 (Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8

Sample : Chlorite-chloritoid schist.

Location : Europe, Italy, Aosta Valley, Clavalité Valley,

Silicates > Phyllosilicates

Chlorite Group

Chamosite-Clinochlore Series

Raman Spectrum of Chamosite (34)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 201, 281, 361, 547, 679, 1052,
 (Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8

Sample : Vesicles in a dolerite filled with secondary minerals (epidote, zeolite, chlorite, chalcedony..)

Location : Africa, Morocco,

Silicates > Phyllosilicates

Chlorite Group

Chamosite-Clinochlore Series

Raman Spectrum of Chloritoid (50)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 250, 509, 529, 552, 594, 731, 878, 3464, 3479,
 (Fe,Mg,Mn)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2

Sample : Chlorite-chloritoid schist.

Location : Europe, Italy, Aosta Valley, Clavalité Valley,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Chloritoid Group

Raman Spectrum of Clinopyroxene (8)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 136, 190, 236, 324, 358, 390, 508, 558, 666, 858, 1013, 1046,
 

Sample : Anorthosite.

Location : Africa, South Africa, Bushveld Complex, Tweefontein Mine,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Pyroxene Group > Clinopyroxene Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Clinopyroxene (11)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 136, 325, 355, 390, 555, 665, 857, 1012, 1042, 1113, 1189,
 

Sample : Layered gabbro.

Location : Africa, South Africa, Bushveld Complex,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Pyroxene Group > Clinopyroxene Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Cordierite (15)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 117, 156, 257, 364, 486, 552, 575, 669, 918, 970, 1010, 1182, 1269, 1382,
 (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)

Sample : Garnet Cordierite Gneiss.

Location : Africa, Madagascar,

Silicates > Cyclosilicates

Cordierite Group

Cordierite-Sekaninaite Series

Raman Spectrum of Cordierite (87)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 121, 258, 365, 486, 552, 575, 667, 901, 968, 1008, 1105, 1180,
 (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)

Sample : Garnet-cordierite dacite.

Location : Europe, Italy, Aeolian Islands, Lipari,

Silicates > Cyclosilicates

Cordierite Group

Cordierite-Sekaninaite Series

Raman Spectrum of Diopside (9)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 193, 228, 253, 300, 323, 355, 390, 558, 666, 855, 1013, 1049,
 CaMgSi2O6

Sample : Separated dark green prismatic crystal of diopside.

Location : Africa, Madagascar,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Pyroxene Group > Clinopyroxene Subgroup

Diopside-Hedenbergite Series

Raman Spectrum of Diopside (10)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 166, 181, 230, 253, 304, 325, 357, 392, 558, 666, 857, 1013, 1047,
 CaMgSi2O6

Sample : Green prismatic diopside crystal on a calcite and anhydrite matrix.

Location : Africa, Madagascar, Toliara, Ampandrandava Mine,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Pyroxene Group > Clinopyroxene Subgroup

Diopside-Hedenbergite Series

Raman Spectrum of Diopside (72)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 139, 181, 194, 229, 324, 356, 392, 465, 507, 559, 667, 856, 1011, 1046,
 CaMgSi2O6

Sample : Green prismatic diopside crystals and rhombohedral calcite crystals

Silicates > Inosilicates

Pyroxene Group > Clinopyroxene Subgroup

Diopside-Hedenbergite Series

Raman Spectrum of Elbaite (58)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 223, 317, 374, 406, 517, 717, 1064, 1095, 3491, 3593, 3653, 3675,
 Na(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)

Sample : Rhodizite-tourmaline-apatite pegmatite.

Location : Africa, Madagascar,

Silicates > Cyclosilicates

Tourmaline group

Elbaite-Schorl Series

Raman Spectrum of Epidote (31)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 166, 244, 273, 348, 424, 455, 565, 600, 888, 915, 981, 1086,
 (Ca2)(Al2,Fe)(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

Sample : Eclogite

Location : Asia, Oman, As Sifah,

Silicates > Sorosilicates

Epidote Group

Raman Spectrum of Epidote (35)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 172, 228, 275, 350, 434, 455, 564, 598, 884, 915, 979, 1084,
 (Ca2)(Al2,Fe)(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

Sample : Vesicles in a dolerite filled with secondary minerals (epidote, zeolite, chlorite, chalcedony..)

Location : Africa, Morocco,

Silicates > Sorosilicates

Epidote Group

Raman Spectrum of Epidote (49)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 228, 275, 424, 455, 566, 600, 888, 917, 981, 1042, 1086,
 (Ca2)(Al2,Fe)(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

Sample : Epidote crystals on ophite matrix.

Location : Europe, France, Pyrenees, Licq-Athérey,

Silicates > Sorosilicates

Epidote Group

Raman Spectrum of Glaucophane (14)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 118, 174, 207, 254, 333, 383, 556, 605, 669, 775, 983, 1044, 1103,
 Na2(Mg3Al2)Si8O22(OH)2

Sample : Blueschist.

Location : Europe, France, Ile de Groix,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Amphibole Group > Sodium Amphibole Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Glaucophane (27)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 117, 174, 224, 335, 553, 668, 981, 1043,
 Na2(Mg3Al2)Si8O22(OH)2

Sample : Eclogite.

Location : Asia, Oman, As Sifah,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Amphibole Group > Sodium Amphibole Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Grunerite (77)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 152, 180, 214, 346, 397, 528, 658, 963, 1008, 1097, 3618, 3636,
 Fe7Si8O22(OH)2

Location : Europe, France, Massif des Maures,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Amphibole Group > Magnesium-iron-manganese Amphibole Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Grunerite (78)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 150, 180, 346, 399, 528, 656, 960, 1015, 3618, 3636,
 Fe7Si8O22(OH)2

Location : Europe, France, Massif des Maures,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Amphibole Group > Magnesium-iron-manganese Amphibole Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Hauyne (104)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 260, 447, 549, 992, 1096,
 (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)

Sample : Hauyne phenocryst in a basanite from Eifel Mountains

Location : Europe, Germany, Eifel, Laacher See,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Feldspathoid Group

Raman Spectrum of Hornblende (100)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 128, 192, 371, 412, 568, 667, 973, 1028, 3619, 3634, 3653, 3666,
 (Ca,Na)2(Mg,Fe,Al)5[(Si,Al)4O11]2(OH)2

Sample : Thin section of dacite from the Pitons du Carbet volcano

Location : Central America and the Caribbean islands, Lesser Antilles, Martinique, Bellefontaine,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Amphibole Group > Calcium Amphibole Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Hypersthene (25)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 229, 336, 393, 658, 676, 945, 1003,
 (Mg,Fe)SiO 3

Sample : Anorthosite.

Location : Africa, South Africa, Bushveld Complex, Tweefontein Mine,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Pyroxene Group > Orthopyroxene Subgroup

Enstatite-Ferrosilite Series

Raman Spectrum of Hypersthene (26)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 226, 332, 387, 657, 673, 947, 1000,
 (Mg,Fe)SiO 3

Sample : Layered gabbro.

Location : Africa, South Africa, Bushveld Complex,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Pyroxene Group > Orthopyroxene Subgroup

Enstatite-Ferrosilite Series

Raman Spectrum of Jadeite (66)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 205, 292, 374, 433, 465, 524, 575, 700, 780, 992, 1040,
 Na(Al,Fe)Si2O6

Sample : Jadeite-bearing leucocratic orthogneiss.

Location : Europe, Italy, Piedmont, Settimo Vittone,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Pyroxene Group > Clinopyroxene Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Kaersutite (37)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 117, 156, 223, 326, 371, 533, 660, 739, 778, 888, 1003, 1174, 3649,
 [Na][Ca2][Mg3AlTi](Al2Si6O22)O2

Sample : Essexite

Location : Pacific Ocean, France (French Polynesia), Tahiti,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Amphibole Group > Oxo-amphiboles Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Kaersutite (38)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 158, 223, 315, 533, 658, 739, 1010, 3676,
 [Na][Ca2][Mg3AlTi](Al2Si6O22)O2

Sample : Nepheline syenite

Location : Pacific Ocean, France (French Polynesia), Tahiti, Papenoo,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Amphibole Group > Oxo-amphiboles Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Kaersutite (39)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 116, 158, 223, 317, 533, 660, 739, 1011, 3675,
 [Na][Ca2][Mg3AlTi](Al2Si6O22)O2

Sample : Nepheline syenite

Location : Pacific Ocean, France (French Polynesia), Tahiti, Papenoo,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Amphibole Group > Oxo-amphiboles Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Kaersutite (98)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 119, 159, 225, 316, 528, 663, 740, 1008, 3669,
 [Na][Ca2][Mg3AlTi](Al2Si6O22)O2

Sample : Thin section of trachyte from the Suc de Monac

Location : Europe, France, Massif central, Monac,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Amphibole Group > Oxo-amphiboles Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Kyanite (95)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 277, 301, 324, 360, 385, 392, 404, 438, 486, 563, 606, 637, 890, 952, 1001,
 Al2(SiO4)O

Sample : Kyanite-andalusite mica schist

Location : Europe, France, Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, Rayol Canadel sur Mer,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Raman Spectrum of Lawsonite (67)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 128, 207, 279, 330, 403, 466, 565, 698, 805, 940, 962, 1162, 3288, 3499, 3533,
 CaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 (H2O)

Sample : Quartz and lawsonite vein within permian dacite.

Location : Europe, France, Hautes-Alpes, Guillestre,

Silicates > Sorosilicates

Lawsonite Group

Raman Spectrum of Lepidolite (90)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 181, 263, 479, 565, 711,
 K(Li,Al)3(Si,Al)4O10(F,OH)2

Sample : Lepidolite pegmatite

Location : Europe, France, Monts d’Ambazac, Saint Sylvestre,

Silicates > Phyllosilicates

Mica Group

Raman Spectrum of Omphacite (23)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 207, 338, 366, 404, 509, 552, 678, 880, 1020,
 (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe,Al)Si2O 6

Sample : Eclogite.

Location : Europe, Italy, Aosta Valley, Val Clavalité,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Pyroxene Group > Clinopyroxene Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Orthoclase (36)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 104, 156, 283, 403, 473, 512, 761, 1006, 1123,
 K(AlSi3O8)

Sample : Essexite

Location : Pacific Ocean, France (French Polynesia), Tahiti,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Feldspar Group

Celsian-Orthoclase Series

Raman Spectrum of Orthoclase (40)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 108, 154, 283, 404, 454, 475, 512, 749, 810, 1000, 1122,
 K(AlSi3O8)

Sample : Nepheline syenite

Location : Pacific Ocean, France (French Polynesia), Tahiti, Papenoo,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Feldspar Group

Celsian-Orthoclase Series

Raman Spectrum of Orthoclase (105)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 154, 176, 281, 406, 454, 475, 514, 608, 744, 810, 1127,
 K(AlSi3O8)

Sample : Black orthoclase marble

Location : Europe, France, Pyrenees, Estagel,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Feldspar Group

Raman Spectrum of Orthopyroxene (12)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 129, 234, 341, 402, 438, 519, 544, 660, 682, 751, 938, 1008, 1112,
 

Sample : Andesite.

Location : South America, Ecuador, Chimborazo volcano,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Pyroxene Group > Orthopyroxene Subgroup

Raman Spectrum of Phengite (65)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 192, 265, 420, 705, 751, 846, 905, 1092, 3611,
 KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2

Sample : Jadeite-bearing leucocratic orthogneiss.

Location : Europe, Italy, Piedmont, Settimo Vittone,

Silicates > Phyllosilicates

Mica Group

Raman Spectrum of Phlogopite (13)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 187, 410, 542, 717, 893, 1094,
 KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

Sample : Garnet Cordierite Gneiss.

Location : Africa, Madagascar,

Silicates > Phyllosilicates

Mica Group

Biotite-Phlogopite Series

Raman Spectrum of Phlogopite (44)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 191, 287, 360, 431, 674, 787, 1016, 1050, 3660, 3675,
 KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

Sample : Magnetite-Phlogopite-Talc Skarn

Location : Europe, Italy, Piedmont, Traversella,

Silicates > Phyllosilicates

Mica Group > Biotite-Phlogopite Series

Raman Spectrum of Plagioclase (41)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 147, 191, 281, 406, 482, 505, 563, 625, 770, 915, 983,
 (Na,Ca)(Si,Al)4O8

Sample : Nepheline syenite

Location : Pacific Ocean, France (French Polynesia), Tahiti, Papenoo,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Feldspar Group

Albite-Anorthite Series

Raman Spectrum of Rhodonite (46)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 132, 326, 419, 508, 669, 881, 975, 998, 1042,
 (Mn,Fe,Mg,Ca)SiO3

Location : Europe, Norway,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Rhodonite Group

Raman Spectrum of Sanidine (103)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 178, 285, 408, 484, 512, 568, 778,
 K(AlSi3O8)

Sample : Sanidine phenocryst in a basanite from Eifel Mountains

Location : Europe, Germany, Eifel, Laacher See,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Feldspar Group

Raman Spectrum of Scapolite (69)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 130, 161, 261, 295, 362, 422, 456, 533, 677, 767, 1105,
 (Na,Ca)4[(Al,Si)O2]12(Cl,CO3,SO4)

Sample : Prismatic crystals of scapolite in a metamorphic limestone.

Location : Europe, France, Pyrenees, Suc-et-Sentenac,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Scapolite Group

Raman Spectrum of Scapolite (70)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 125, 150, 254, 456, 526, 761, 1092,
 (Na,Ca)4[(Al,Si)O2]12(Cl,CO3,SO4)

Sample : Prismatic crystals of scapolite in a metamorphic limestone.

Location : Europe, France, Pyrenees,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Scapolite Group

Raman Spectrum of Scapolite (71)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 116, 161, 250, 299, 454, 530, 598, 764, 985, 1100,
 (Na,Ca)4[(Al,Si)O2]12(Cl,CO3,SO4)

Sample : Scapolite megacrysts in a basanitic scoria.

Location : Europe, France, Massif central, Chuquet Genestoux,

Silicates > Tectosilicates

Scapolite Group

Raman Spectrum of Schrol (55)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 209, 238, 313, 365, 493, 636, 670, 696, 1023, 1048, 3565, 3626, 3717,
 Na(Fe3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)

Location : Europe, France, Brittany, Roscoff,

Silicates > Cyclosilicates

Tourmaline group

Elbaite-Schorl Series

Raman Spectrum of Schrol (56)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 215, 236, 312, 366, 497, 635, 671, 698, 777, 1019, 1048, 3559, 3634, 3724,
 Na(Fe3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)

Sample : Tourmaline-garnet-apatite pegmatite.

Location : Africa, Namibia,

Silicates > Cyclosilicates

Tourmaline group

Elbaite-Schorl Series

Raman Spectrum of Schrol (57)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 223, 365, 493, 571, 693, 832, 1041, 3515, 3553, 3594,
 Na(Fe3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)

Sample : Rhodizite-tourmaline-apatite pegmatite.

Location : Africa, Madagascar,

Silicates > Cyclosilicates

Tourmaline group

Elbaite-Schorl Series

Raman Spectrum of Sillimanite (32)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 234, 261, 309, 407, 462, 593, 705, 873, 905, 965, 1125,
 Al2(SiO4)O

Sample : Sillimanite orthogneiss.

Location : Europe, France, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Saint-Genest-Lachamp,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Raman Spectrum of Sillimanite (33)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 232, 261, 307, 594, 704, 869, 905, 959, 1126,
 Al2(SiO4)O

Sample : Biotite-sillimanite schist.

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Raman Spectrum of Staurolite (76)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 152, 261, 306, 340, 448, 503, 654, 791, 899, 938,
Raman Spectrum of Talc (45)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 193, 289, 327, 359, 466, 674, 1050, 1093, 3660, 3676,
 Mg3Si4O10(OH)2

Sample : Magnetite-Phlogopite-Talc Skarn

Location : Europe, Italy, Piedmont, Traversella,

Silicates > Phyllosilicates

Pyrophyllite-Talc Group

Raman Spectrum of Titanite (107)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 144, 165, 254, 317, 426, 468, 542, 606, 858, 913,
 CaTi(SiO4)O

Sample : Meta-gabbro thin section (blueschist facies metamorphism)

Location : Europe, France, Alps, Vallée du Guil,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Titanite Group

Raman Spectrum of Titanite (108)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 140, 241, 320, 351, 422, 531, 598, 810, 858, 910,
 CaTi(SiO4)O

Sample : flattened crystals of green titanite

Location : Africa, Madagascar,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Titanite Group

Raman Spectrum of Titanite (109)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 143, 163, 234, 317, 351, 424, 537, 608, 858, 871, 912,
 CaTi(SiO4)O

Sample : Orange titanite crysts in a granodiorite

Location : Europe, Italy, Alps, Traversella,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Titanite Group

Raman Spectrum of Tremolite (111)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 123, 161, 180, 225, 234, 371, 395, 417, 531, 675, 933, 1031, 1063,
 Ca2(Mg,Fe)5Si8O22(OH)2

Sample : Fibrous aggregate of Tremolite

Silicates > Inosilicates

Amphibole Group > Calcium Amphibole Subgroup

Tremolite-actinolite Series

Raman Spectrum of Vesuvianite (47)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 170, 223, 302, 408, 475, 591, 637, 693, 754, 861, 928, 3153, 3499, 3638, 3673,
 Ca10(Mg, Fe)2Al4(SiO4)5(Si2O7)2(OH,F)4

Location : Europe, Austria, Tyrol,

Silicates > Sorosilicates

Vesuvianite Group

Raman Spectrum of Vesuvianite (68)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 185, 258, 290, 372, 639, 694, 754, 866, 927, 1043, 1118, 3136, 3444, 3571, 3641,
 Ca10(Mg, Fe)2Al4(SiO4)5(Si2O7)2(OH,F)4

Sample : Brown prismatic crystals of vesuvianite in a metamorphic limestone.

Silicates > Sorosilicates

Vesuvianite Group

Raman Spectrum of Wollastonite (110)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 328, 408, 634, 970,
 CaSiO3

Sample : Wollastonite marble

Location : Europe, Italy, Elba,

Silicates > Inosilicates

Wollastonite Group

Raman Spectrum of Zircon (17)
Frequencies (cm-1) : 201, 214, 225, 356, 392, 439, 974, 1007, 1055, 1463,
 ZrSiO4

Sample : Tetragonal dipyramidal crystals.

Location : South America, Brazil, Goias,

Silicates > Nesosilicates

Zircon Group